Market Snapshot: Nasdaq leads U.S. stock indexes to higher close after strong retail sales

U.S. stock indexes ended higher Tuesday, after a stronger-than-expected rise in October retail sales and as investors digested results from major retailers.

How did stock indexes perform?

The Dow Jones Industrial Average

rose 54.77 points, or 0.2%, to close at 36,142.22.

The S&P 500

climbed 18.10 points, or 0.4%, to finish at 4,700.90.

The Nasdaq Composite

advanced 120.01 points, or 0.8%, to end at 15,973.86.

On Monday, the Dow Jones Industrial Average, the S&P 500 and Nasdaq Composite each had ended fractionally lower. The Russell 2000

index saw a steeper loss of 0.5%.

What drove markets?

U.S. stocks climbed Tuesday, with major benchmarks ending near record highs, as investors parsed fresh data on retail sales and industrial production.

Retail sales jumped 1.7% in October, the government said, surpassing forecasts for a 1.5% rise and logging the biggest gain since March when households received billions in federal stimulus money. Excluding autos, sales rose 1.4%.

“It was a strong report,” even with the rise in inflation during the pandemic, said Matt Stucky, a senior portfolio manager for equities at Northwestern Mutual Wealth Management Co., in a phone interview Tuesday.  “In our view, what’s driving that is a very strong recovery from a job and wage perspective,” he said, “along with high levels of excess savings that are still out there on consumer balance sheets.”

Consumer sentiment may be weighed down by concerns over inflation, including higher prices at the gas pump and grocery stores, but that hasn’t stopped people from spending, according to Scott Wren, senior global market strategist at Wells Fargo Investment Institute. Individual investors are starting to “jump into the market,” chasing the rise in U.S. stocks even as they’re still “sitting on a lot of cash,” Wren told MarketWatch by phone Tuesday.

But surging inflation was seen as taking some of the shine off the retail sales figures.

“On the surface, the outsized gain in retail sales in October probably looks better than in reality it is,” said Jim Baird, chief investment officer at Plante Moran Financial Advisors. “Higher prices account for a good chunk of that increase, and the jump start on holiday shopping is pulling forward some portion of the seasonal end of year spending surge.”

Meanwhile, industrial production, which includes factory, mining and utility output, increased at a seasonally adjusted 1.6% in October compared with the previous month, according to the Federal Reserve. Economists polled by The Wall Street Journal expected a 0.8% increase.

“We’re back to pre-pandemic levels for industrial production,” said Stucky, with a lot more needed in the coming quarters to “replenish” global supply chains. “There just hasn’t been enough industrial production really to catch up to a really strong demand environment at the consumer level,” he said.

In other economic data, the National Association of Home Builders said its monthly confidence index rose 3 points to a reading of 83 in November, its highest since May.

Results from major retailers also were rolling in as the reporting season for third-quarter earnings hits the final stretch, with investors on the lookout for any signs of higher shipping or labor costs eroding companies’ profit margins.

“Strong results” from Home Depot Inc.

and Walmart Inc.

are “just further reflection of the strength of the consumer,” said Stucky, adding that “larger companies are better able to deal with some of these supply chain pressures” seen in the pandemic.

Which companies were in focus?

Home Depot Inc.

shares rose 5.7% after the home improvement retailer reported fiscal third-quarter profit, net sales and same-store sales that beat expectations.

Shares of Walmart Inc.

fell 2.6% after the retail giant raised its full-year earnings guidance for a third consecutive quarter.

Shares of Peloton Interactive Inc.

jumped 15.5% after the home fitness company said it launched a public offering of $1 billion worth of common stock.

How did other markets fare?

The yield on the 10-year Treasury note

rose about one basis point to 1.632%. Yields and debt prices move in opposite directions.

The ICE U.S. Dollar Index
a measure of the currency against a basket of six major rivals, continued to push higher, rising 0.6%.

Oil futures ended lower, with the U.S. benchmark

slipping nearly 0.2% to settle at $80.76 a barrel. Gold futures

fell 0.7% to settle at $1,854.10 an ounce.

The Stoxx Europe 600

rose 0.2% in a fresh record close, while London’s FTSE 100

declined 0.3%.

The Shanghai Composite

fell 0.3%, while the Hang Seng Index

rose 1.3% and Japan’s Nikkei 225

edged up 0.1%.

—Steve Goldstein contributed to this report.

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